What philosophers have said about euthanasia

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what philosophers have said about euthanasia

Euthanasia Quotes (40 quotes)

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The entry sets out five conditions often said to be necessary for anyone to be a candidate for legalized voluntary euthanasia and, with appropriate qualifications, physician-assisted suicide , outlines the moral case advanced by those in favor of legalizing voluntary euthanasia, and discusses the five most important objections made by those who deny that voluntary euthanasia is morally permissible and who are, in consequence, opposed to its being legalized. Accordingly, the motive of the person who performs an act of euthanasia is to benefit the one whose death is brought about. It is important to emphasize the motive of benefiting the person who is assisted to die because well-being is a key value in relation to the morality of euthanasia see Section 3 below. Nonetheless, the defensibility of the contention that someone can be better off dead has been the subject of extensive philosophical deliberation. Those who claim that a person can be better off dead believe this to be true when the life that remains in prospect for that person has no positive value for her a possibility which is discussed by e. A Kant-inspired variant on this latter position has been advanced by Velleman Accordingly, he holds that it is impermissible to assist someone to die who judges that she would be better off dead and competently requests assistance with dying.

Suicide and Euthanasia pp Cite as. Which of the different kinds of action that might be called, or have by someone or other in modem discussions been called, euthanasia or suicide seemed to the Greek philosophers sufficiently interesting or problematic, from the moral point of view, so that they developed lines of argument and analysis in order to accommodate them? And which of these did they group together sufficiently closely for it to make sense to speak of Greek views on the morality of euthanasia or suicide? They will also constitute an important first step in the substantial characterization of the Greek tradition in moral theory: one learns a lot about the character of any moral theory by seeing how, given that theory and its intellectual resources, the different kinds of human actions are arranged in significant groupings and which ones of these groupings are seen to call for philosophical comment. Unable to display preview.

Although more than years have passed, the dilemma posed by euthanasia still generally divides society—a vexed question which has been debated in the medical, legal, philosophical and theological literature. In antiquity, active euthanasia and suicide were subjects of concern. Active euthanasia was rejected by the majority of both philosophers and dramatists because it was considered to be a violation of the autonomy of the individual and an action against the will of the gods.
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An agent who takes his own life acts in violation of the moral law, according to Kant; suicide, and, by extension, assisted suicide are therefore wrong. By a similar argument, and with a few important exceptions, killing is wrong; implicitly, then, voluntary euthanasia is also wrong. Kant's conclusions are uncompelling and his argument in these matters is undermined on considering other areas of his thought. Kant, in forbidding suicide and euthanasia, is conflating respect for persons and respect for people, and assuming that, in killing a person either oneself or another , we are thereby undermining personhood. But an argument along these lines is faulty according to Kant's own standards. Even if some Kantians adhere to this doctrine, others can reject it. Kant thinks that killing ourselves when life bodes ill is wrong.

Supreme Court on the Right to Die — Cruzan v. Director Missouri Health; Vacco v. Quill; Washington v. Augustine, Aquinas, More, Hume, Kant. Many classic philosophers examined the morality of suicide in a range of situations including prolonged illness, decrepitude through old age, the prospect of torture, and the desire to hasten entry into the afterlife.

British Broadcasting Corporation Home. This page sets out the arguments against allowing euthanasia. Could euthanasia ever be safely regulated? Would legalising euthanasia have knock-on effects? It's possible to argue about the way we've divided up the arguments, and many arguments could fall into more categories than we've used.

3 thoughts on “Euthanasia Quotes (40 quotes)

  1. Philosophers always seem to be dealing with death. Aristotle says that it is not the individual but the society that has.

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