Eminence: Cardinal Richelieu and the Rise of France by Jean-Vincent BlanchardChief minister to King Louis XIII, Cardinal Richelieu was the architect of a new France in the seventeenth century, and the force behind the nations rise as a European power. Among the first statesmen to clearly understand the necessity of a balance of powers, he was one of the early realist politicians, practicing in the wake of Niccolo Machiavelli. Truly larger than life, he has captured the imagination of generations, both through his own story and through his portrayal as a ruthless political mastermind in Alexandre Dumass classic The Three Musketeers.
Forging a nation-state amid the swirl of unruly, grasping nobles, widespread corruption, wars of religion, and an ambitious Habsburg empire, Richelieus hands were always full. Serving his fickle monarch, he mastered the politics of absolute power. Jean-Vincent Blanchards rich and insightful new biography brings Richelieu fully to life in all his complexity. At times cruel and ruthless, Richelieu was always devoted to creating a lasting central authority vested in the power of monarchy, a power essential to Frances position on the European stage for the next two centuries. Richelieus careful understanding of politics as spectacle speaks to contemporary readers; much of what he accomplished was promoted strategically through his great passion for theater and literature, and through the romance of power. Eminence offers a rich portrait of a fascinating man and his era, and gives us a keener understanding of the dark arts of politics.
Cardinal Richelieu facts for kids
Armand Jean du Plessis , better known as Cardinal Richelieu 9 September — 4 December was a French clergyman , noble , and statesman. His full name was Armand Jean du Plessis. He was later created the Duke of Richelieu and duke of Fronsac. He joined the Grande Chartreuse, the main monastery of the Carthusian order. He was consecrated as a bishop in For this he obtained a dispensation of the pope ; at age 21, he was too young to become a bishop. He later entered politics and became a Secretary of State in
His major goals were the establishment of royal absolutism in France and the end of Spanish-Habsburg hegemony in Europe. The family du Plessis de Richelieu was of insignificant feudal origins but, by intermarriage with the legal and administrative classes, rose to some prominence and acquired the seigneury of Richelieu in Poitou. In his intelligence, administrative competence, and instinct for hard work, he resembled his middle-class ancestors. He was five years old when his father died, leaving estates that had been ruined by inflation and mismanagement during the Wars of Religion —98 , and he was conscious from his earliest years of the threat of penury. This inspired in him the ambition to restore the honour of his house and evoked in him the sense of grandeur he was to attribute vicariously to France.
Cardinal Richelieu was born in and died in Richelieu is considered to be one of the greatest politicians in French history. Richelieu was the third son of the Lord of Richelieu. In April , after receiving a papal dispensation as he was only 21, he was ordained as a priest and bishop. How did a man born into a minor noble family and who administered a small and poor diocese, come to dominate France from to ?
Take a look below for 30 more strange and interesting facts about Cardinal Richelieu. 1. Richelieu rose in both the Catholic Church and the.
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