Emancipation Proclamation by Abraham Lincoln
The Emancipation Proclamation is a moving and thought provoking document. It demonstrates a Presidents conviction to create change for the better good of all people in spite of the opposition of the times. During the Civil Rights movement of the 60s President Lyndon Johnson reminded us that emancipation is still a proclamation and not a fact until justice is blind to color, until education is unaware of race, until opportunity is unconcerned with color of mens skins. This document has stood the test of time. It was relevant in the 1860s, the 1960s and today. It was the beginning of change and reminds us that we should continue to strive to complete that change, until we as a nation truly believe and demonstrate through our actions that all men are created equal. Everyone should read this important document at least once, including Julie Zieman Childs.
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Why was the Emancipation Proclamation so important?
Emancipation Proclamation , edict issued by U. Abraham Lincoln on January 1, , that freed the slaves of the Confederate states in rebellion against the Union. Before the start of the American Civil War , many people and leaders of the North had been primarily concerned merely with stopping the extension of slavery into western territories that would eventually achieve statehood within the Union. With the secession of the Southern states and the consequent start of the Civil War, however, the continued tolerance of Southern slavery by Northerners seemed no longer to serve any constructive political purpose. Emancipation thus quickly changed from a distant possibility to an imminent and feasible eventuality. Lincoln had declared that he meant to save the Union as best he could—by preserving slavery, by destroying it, or by destroying part and preserving part.
View in National Archives Catalog. President Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation on January 1, , as the nation approached its third year of bloody civil war. The proclamation declared "that all persons held as slaves" within the rebellious states "are, and henceforward shall be free. Despite this expansive wording, the Emancipation Proclamation was limited in many ways. It applied only to states that had seceded from the United States, leaving slavery untouched in the loyal border states. Most important, the freedom it promised depended upon Union United States military victory.
Americans tend to think of the Civil War as being fought to end slavery. Even one full year into the Civil War, the elimination of slavery was not a key objective of the North. Despite a vocal Abolitionist movement in the North, many people and many soldiers, in particular, opposed slavery, but did not favor emancipation. They expected slavery to die on its own over time. By mid Lincoln had come to believe in the need to end slavery. Besides his disdain for the institution, he simply felt that the South could not come back into the Union after trying to destroy it. The opposition Democratic Party threatened to turn itself into an antiwar party.
While the Emancipation Proclamation did not free a single slave, it was an important turning point in the war, transforming the fight to preserve.
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President Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation on January 1, , as the nation approached its third year of bloody civil war. The proclamation declared "that all persons held as slaves" within the rebellious states "are, and henceforward shall be free.
The Emancipation Proclamation is arguably one of the top ten most important documents in the history of the United States; however, it is also one of the most misunderstood. Here are ten facts providing the basics on the proclamation and the history surrounding it. Abraham Lincoln issued the preliminary Emancipation Proclamation on September 22nd, It stipulated that if the Southern states did not cease their rebellion by January 1st, , then Proclamation would go into effect. When the Confederacy did not yield, Lincoln issued the final Emancipation Proclamation on January 1st, President Lincoln justified the Emancipation Proclamation as a war measure intended to cripple the Confederacy. Being careful to respect the limits of his authority, Lincoln applied the Emancipation Proclamation only to the Southern states in rebellion.
The Emancipation Proclamation changed the focus of the Civil War from being primarily about preserving the union to the abolition of slavery. The south wanted the world to think that the revolution was about States rights being abused by a tyrannical central federal government. This justified the effort to form an new independent nation. The South had some justification for the claims of abuse. The Tariffs passed by the central government were abusive to the south. The import duties on goods sent from Europe were very high in an effort to force the southern states to purchase goods from the Northern states. This was all to the benefit of the central government and the northern states and very harmful to the southern states.